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theolduvaigorge:

The Exploitative Economics Of Academic Publishing

  • by Samuel Gershman (MIT)

Taxpayers in the United States spend $139 billion a year on scientific research, yet much of this research is inaccessible not only to the public, but also to other scientists.(a) This is the consequence of an exploitative scientific journal system that rewards academic publishers while punishing taxpayers, scientists, and universities. Fortunately, cheap open-access alternatives are not only possible, but already beginning to take root, suggesting a way forward to a more open and equitable system for sharing research.

Like many scientists, I provide access to my research papers on my website. I view this as a commonsense way to disseminate knowledge, but not everyone shares this view. A few months ago, I received an email from an official at Princeton University, where I attended graduate school, informing me that a lawyer representing the publishing giant Elsevier had demanded the removal of these papers from my website.(b) When I published these papers in Elsevier journals, I was required to hand over the copyrights. Therefore, I had no choice but to remove the papers.

The vast majority of academic papers are published by corporations like Elsevier, and these corporations are thriving: In 2011, Elsevier made $1.1 billion in profit, at a profit margin of 36% (by comparison, Apple’s 2012 profit margin was 35%). This impressive profitability is due in large part to the fact that the content sold by Elsevier is produced, reviewed, and edited on a volunteer basis by academics like me. We consent to this system because our careers depend on publishing in prestigious journals, almost all of which are owned by Elsevier and a small number of other publishers.

What value is added by academic publishers? In my opinion: very little. Elsevier claims that they add value as they “coordinate the review, consideration, addition of text and references, and other production and distribution mechanisms.” In fact, all of these contributions are or could be obtained at almost no cost.(c) First, reviews are typically coordinated by a combination of volunteer editors (academics) and an automated email system. The cost of setting up and maintaining such an automated system is negligible (a point I will return to later). Elsevier does not add text and references to research papers – academics do. In my experience, corroborated by anecdotes from other scientists, publisher-employed copy editors are mostly superfluous and in some cases even introduce errors into papers or cause substantial publication delays” (read more).

(Source: Footnote 1 via @edgaraltamirano on Twitter; image: Cacophony)

(via kastiakbc)

Source: theolduvaigorge
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westernphoenix:

flansjohnburgh:

theantigovernor:

flansjohnburgh:

what does html stand for?

hypertext markup language

no i mean like, what does it believe in?

Most nights it doesn’t know anymore

Source: flansjohnburgh
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Original animation layouts from the Hayao Miyazaki film The Wind Rises (風立ちぬ).

(via lafemmedarla)

Source: artbooksnat
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vein13:

serenading-the-unicorn:

gymleaderkarkat:


What are you so afraid of!?

I’m REALLY sorry but it looks like they’re about to rap battle



it got better

vein13:

serenading-the-unicorn:

gymleaderkarkat:

What are you so afraid of!?

I’m REALLY sorry but it looks like they’re about to rap battle

it got better

(via yamino)

Source: four-big-idiots
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phrux:

adamsforthought:

dungeonsandpendragons:

Commonly confused medieval weapons, a powerpoint by me.

Now stop screwing them up, seriously, or I will put a medieval weapon in your head.

Tumblr is endearing me to being lectured at in Comic Sans

THIS is a WAR SCYTHE, a scythe actually used in combat. Notice it is not a useless piece of shit and is an actual functional weapon.

The only reason why death is pictured with a FARMING scythe is because he harvests souls.

(via generalcharleslee)

Source: dungeonsandpendragons
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kastiakbc:

WHAT A GOOD CHICKEN FRIEND ;A; <3

SHE JUST WALKS RIGHT UP INTO HIM AND WHEN THE BOY HUGS HER SHE DOESN’T TRY TO SQUIRM OUT SHE JUST NUSTLES HERSELF CLOSER INTO THE BOY WOW. CHICKENS.

Source: hannahbowl
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senketsuno:

bakrua:

faggitvekubby:

imagine if people were born with traits based on their zodiac signs so like aries had ram horns and hoofs like a satyr and shit how rad would that be

i would be a giant fucking crab

wow i get to carry water

And I’d just be a beauuuutiful woman.

OH DAMN!  GEUSS ITS REAL!!! O_O

(via carnationparty)

Source: faggitvekubby
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kastiakbc:

womanistgamergirl:

Dude.

Denny’s is calling out Coachella.

Dude.

Dude.

Denny’s dude. Wow.

Denny’s is throwing some shade.

Source: womanistgamergirl
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lizzyjohn:

Digital studies, trying to get a good feel for tigers. These are the tidier ones. Mostly done off of deviantart stock photos I looked up under the ‘newest’ section.

(via seldaran)

Source: lizzyjohn